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Version: Next

From 0.18.0 to 0.19.0

Yew 0.19.0 has changed a lot, thus this migration will not cover ALL of the changes.

Instead only the most impactful changes are mentioned and the rest should be picked up by cargo.

html! requirement for braces around most props

The syntax of the html! macro has been updated, such that in most cases you will need to enclose props with braces.

let super_age = 1;
html!{
<JapaneseYew
age=super_age // ! Will throw an error
>
}

There is a community provided regex to help automate the update, though we can't promise it will work all the time.

It breaks when it encounters closures (specifically the |_| syntax).

find with =(?![{">=\s])([^\s></]*(\s!{0,1}[=|&]{2}\s[^\s></]*)*)

replace with ={$1}

Function components

Function components are a brand new way to write components that requires less boilerplate than their structural counterpart.

While this change does not force you to change your codebase, as you migrate from 0.18 to 0.19, this migration time might present a good opportunity to start using them in your codebase.

Struct components lifecycle methods and ctx

Struct components also received changes to their API.

ShouldRender removed in favor of bool

ShouldRender removed in favor of bool and can be just find all - replaced throughout your code base.

Struct components no longer own props and link, instead they receive ctx: &Context<Self> argument in lifetime methods that can later give you access to ctx.props() -> &Properties and ctx.link() -> &Scope<Self>.

You will need to remove link and props from your component struct fields as such all lifetime methods got updated.

Lifetime methods in Component trait

For new API look in the Component trait

web-sys is no longer re-exported

Add web-sys as your project dependency and one by one add the needed features like Event or Window.

Services

During this update all services were removed in favor of community driven solutions like gloo

Remove this entirely. yew-services adds a layer a abstraction which makes it easier to call external resources. This is all well and good but this layer is supposed to be specific to Yew. It would be better if an framework agnostic abstraction existed instead.

  • ConsoleService Use gloo-console or weblog instead.
  • DialogService Use gloo-dialogs instead.
  • IntervalService Use gloo-timers instead.
  • KeyboardServiceon* event handlers in yew already handle it. Using this service is even more cumbersome because it requires use of NodeRef in order to call any functions provided by it.
let onkeydown = Callback::from(|e| {
e.prevent_default();
todo!("use `e`, just like in service methods.");
});
html! {
<input {onkeydown} />
}

New crate - yew-agent

Yew agents were removed to a separate crate, see yew agents migration guide

Ending note

We are sorry if some things are not covered in this guide as it was truly a huge update and we hope that the uncovered issues will be clearly explained in error messages emitted by the Rust compiler.